Down syndrome is a genetic disorder that results in differences in physical characteristics and capabilities of one’s hearing. To note that the Down syndrome can not be cured, therefore, if there are friends, relatives, or anyone suffering from Down’s Syndrome, attention is always needed and maximum support. Especially for children suffering from Down’s syndrome, would be put.
Genetic abnormalities that occur in the chromosomes, can be identified by looking at the clinical manifestations, where the clinical manifestations that occur will be fairly typical. Abnormalities that will have an impact on people with Down syndrome are mental and physical growth retardation. This disorder is the first time successfully discovered by Dr. John Longdon in 1866.
Characteristics of People with Down Syndrome
The characteristics that appear in people with Down’s Syndrome is quite obvious, because it affects one’s physical. So you can see it directly. The characteristics of these are smaller head, the body is relatively short, flat nose like a Mongoloid people, hence Down Syndrome disease previously known as mongolism. When 1970 arrived, the experts from European and American countries create another name for mongolism, and turn it into a medical term Down’s syndrome, the name applies continues until today.
Causes of Down Syndrome
In persons with normal or healthy, the number of chromosomes in the cells should have 46 chromosomes. Where it is inherited from the mother as much as 23 chromosomes, and as many as 23 chromosomes from the father. But in contrast to someone who is affected by Down’s syndrome disease, chromosomes numbering 47. Because of excess chromosomes that then lead into abnormal brain development, as well as the development of the body will be affected. At first glance that is the main factor causing the occurrence of Down syndrome. Medical researchers do not understand the causes of genetic abnormalities in people with Down’s syndrome, but there are some conditions that can increase the percentage of a person’s risk of having a baby suffering from Down’s syndrome, in which the risk factors are:
- If you already have another baby suffering from Down’s Syndrome
- If a pregnant woman over the age of 35 years
- If you have a brother or sister who suffered from Down’s Syndrome
Down Syndrome Prevention
Prevention can be done by routine amniocentesis for chromosome examination of pregnant women, especially when the early months of pregnancy. It is mandatory for pregnant women who have previously delivered a baby suffering from Down’s Syndrome, also meet the condition of pregnancy that cause genetic factors that have been mentioned previously. Development of the fetus should be monitored carefully, to prevent children born with Down syndrome.
Down Syndrome Treatment Methods
Until now, treatment is really effective to cure Down syndrome is still no. Because Down syndrome is a disorder. But there are natural ways to do, is to support people with Down syndrome, which make it easier and sufficient information, and of course the appropriate facilities for the development of children suffering from the Down’s Syndrome. For surgery, only needs to be done if patients have a defect in their heart organ, because most people with Down syndrome died of a heart defect.
The only way the natural remedies that can be done other than those mentioned above is to therapy. Usually in the form of talk therapy, physiotherapy, and emotional support to the patient. For when they had understood, they would be down to see himself turned out differently than children in general are in a state of normal health. A few articles about Down Syndrome and related physical characteristics of one’s learning ability, may be useful.
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